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Peruvian Family Visa

Peruvian Family Visa

A Guide to Peruvian Visas

Part 6

Some family members of Peruvian nationals and foreigners with a resident status in Peru have the right to a family union and can apply for a family visa, the so-called "familiar residente visa". Depending on your relation there are several sub-visa types.

Relatives that can apply for a family visa are:

  • Spouses of Peruvian nationals (para el caso de casado/a peruana/o)
  • Spouses of foreigners with resident status (para el caso de casado/a con extranjera/o residente en el país)
  • Underaged children of Peruvians or foreigners with resident status (para el caso de hijos menores de edad de peruano/a o extranjero/a residente)
  • Unmarried children (18 years to 28 years and dependent on their parents) of Peruvians or foreigners with resident status (para el caso de hijo/a mayor de 18 y menor de 28 años)
  • Adult children with disabilities (para el caso de hijos mayores de 18 años con discapacidad)
  • Parents of Peruvians or foreigners with a resident status that don’t have a Peruvian nationality (para el caso de padres de peruano/a o extranjero/a residente) (*)

(*) Children born on Peruvian territory to not only Peruvian but as well foreign parents are considered Peruvians. They have the right to a Peruvian birth certificate, Peruvian DNI and a Peruvian passport. While for years foreign parents couldn't get a resident family visa through their underaged Peruvian-born child, this has changed with the introduction of the 2017 immigration law and a different interpretation of the corresponding passage. Before the parents can apply for a resident family visa the child has to be registered at Reniec and a Peruvian birth certificate and Peruvian DNI has to be issued. Be aware that unfortunately Migraciones seems to be a bit uncooperative since August 2021, and often gives foreign parents trouble when applying or outright deny the application.

 

Applying for a family visa

Officially, you can apply for the family visa at a Peruvian consulate abroad or at Migraciones in Peru. However, some diplomatic missions, especially in countries where nationals can enter Peru as a tourist without having to apply for a tourist visa at a consulate first, either don’t or prefer not to issue resident visas or processing times can be long as Migraciones in Peru has to approve the application. And even if you already get your family visa abroad once in Peru you still have to deal with Migraciones, even though to a lesser extent, to get your carné.

So, most family members of a Peruvian national or foreigner with resident status in Peru enter the country as a tourist and then change their immigration status - make a so called Cambio de calidad migratoria (as opposed to a Solicitud de calidad migratoria at a consulate) - at Migraciones.

After your application for a family visa is approved, you receive the so-called "Carné de Extranjería". Please be aware that your resident visa is only valid for one or sometimes two years and then has to be extended.

 

Requirements for a Peruvian family visa

In mid-July 2021, the new TUPA (Texto Unico de Procedimientos Administrativos; Single Text of Administrative Procedures) went into effect, which is mainly based on the Peruvian Supreme Decree DS N° 002-2021-IN. This new legislation changes a few immigration processes, procedures, and requirements for some Migraciones paperwork.

So below, find the requirements according to the July 2021 TUPA. As the document is quite confusing, we recommend that those who prefer to read the original requirements either check out the official website of Peru or the corresponding text passage of the Supreme Decree DS N° 002-2021-IN on page 43 in article 89-A “Procedimiento administrative de solicitud de calidad migratoria de familiar residente” (when applying at a Peruvian consulate) or in article 89-B “Procedimiento administrative de cambio de calidad migratoria por la de familiar residente” on page 44 (when applying in Peru). However, please be aware that Migraciones has the right to request other and / or additional documents at any time.

Anyway, as soon as you arrive in Peru, you should get organized and start the whole process. Please note that you have to be in the country on a valid visa (for example, a tourist visa or "authorization to enter as a tourist") when applying for the visa in Peru.

Here now the requirements and a walk-trough of the application process in Peru.

Required documents to apply for a family visa include, but may not be restricted to:

  • Interpol clearance - Ficha de canje internacional (see below)
  • Receipt for paid application fee (code Migraciones 07568; S/.162.50 in 2022)
  • Passport (you will have to upload the page with your personal data and the one with the entry stamp as PDF)
  • Up-to-date DNI of the Peruvian family member with correct family address, correct marital status and no pending election fees or up-to-date carné de extranjería of the foreigner with resident status (you will have to upload a copy of the front and back of the DNI or carné as PDF)
  • Antecedentes policiales, penales y judiciales (Police clearance certificate, criminal record and judicial matters check) issued in the country of origin and, if the applicant lived in another country before coming to Peru, in the country of residence covering the last 5 years (*)
  • Official document that proves the family tie: i.e. marriage certificate (**) if the applicant is married to a Peruvian or foreigner with resident status; birth certificate (***) if the applicant is the child or parent of a Peruvian, but not Peruvian himself or of a foreigner with resident status
  • For unmarried adult children: official certificate of being single (***) or sworn statement in which the applicant declares being unmarried in front of a Peruvian notary 
  • For children with disabilities: document proving a condition of permanent disability and the need for parent’s care (***)
  • Sworn statement of the Peruvian family member or foreigner with resident status where he / she declares that the relation is still intact and that Peru is the mutual country of residence (****)

Explanatory notes for the requirements:

(*) As we get many question about the “Antecedentes policiales, penales y judiciales” we dedicated a separate article to the topic where we explain in detail what kind of document you need, where you get it and what to watch out for when applying for it.

One of the requirements to apply for a resident visa in Peru or to change your visa type, for example from a work visa to a permanent resident visa...

(**) marriage certificate
  • If you were married in Peru: recent copy of marriage certificate issued by Reniec (not older than 90 days)
  • If you were married abroad to a Peruvian: certified copy of marriage certificate issued by the Peruvian consulate (not older than 180 days) - already in Peru without a recent copy? At the Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores (RREE) in Lima, you can get certified copies of birth, marriage, and death certificates registered in a Peruvian consulate abroad.
  • If you were married to a foreigner abroad: marriage certificate with Apostille or, if the country in which the document was issued didn't sign the Apsotille Convention (like Canada, for example) legalized by a Peruvian consulate and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Peru (not older than 6 months). Once in Peru, the document has to be translated into Spanish by a certified translator in case the certificate isn’t solely in Spanish.
(***) birth certificate and any other document necessary
  • All foreign documents (even so-called “international” certificates) need an Apostille or, if the country in which they were issued didn't sign the Apsotille Convention (like Canada, for example) have to be legalized by a Peruvian consulate abroad and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Peru. Once in Peru, all documents, apostilled or legalized, have to be translated into Spanish by a certified translator in case the certificates aren’t solely in Spanish!
(****) Sworn statement / Declaracion jurada para residencia de familiar
  • Even though no longer on the list of the requirements for applying for a Peruvian family visa, this sworn statement issued by a Peruvian notary is still often asked for when applying for your visa. Please check current regulations at Migraciones.

Applying for a family visa is a simple and straightforward process, but might be a little confusing here and there if you are not familiar with the process and the steps involved. Please see our walk-through below as general guidance which should offer enough information that you don't need to hire a lawyer or so-called tramitador, but can start and finish this little endeavor on your own. However, be aware that requirements and processes change quickly and at least basic Spanish skills are required to fill in forms and understand instructions.

 

Getting started …

Hopefully, you brought necessary documents from abroad, such as - if applicable - marriage or birth certificate, etc., already apostilled or legalized - see requirements and (**) / (***) above. Once in Peru, these have to be translated by a certified translator (and if you only have a legalization on the document, the translation has to be legalized again by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Lima). You can find a list of these state-approved translators either on the website of your embassy in Peru or here. If necessary, get the sworn statement issued by a Peruvian notary. 

Make PDFs from your passport (page with your personal data and the one with the entry stamp) and from all other documents.

And the last step before you can finally apply for your family visa is getting the so-called “Ficha de Canje Internacional” from Interpol in Peru. Find a detailed description on how it’s done in our article “Interpol - Ficha de Canje Internacional”

All foreigners must present the Ficha de Canje Internacional to Migraciones when changing their immigration status – either from a temporary visa o...

 

Applying for a family visa in Peru

Once you have the Ficha and all documents together, pay the fee of S/ 162.50 (2022) for the Migraciones administrative procedure “Cambio de Calidad Migratoria” under code 07568 with concepto "Familiar residente" at any Banco de la Nacion branch / ATM or on pagalo.pe. As you already paid the Interpol fee, you know how the systems works, otherwise check again in our article "Paying administration charges and processing fees in Peru".

All administration charges and processing fees government agencies, public authorities and entities levy in Peru have to be paid at the Banco de la...

Then it's time to apply for your family visa - if you need to leave the country during the application process, you have to apply for a special travel permit before you leave the country, otherwise your application is null and void.

!!! Please note: At the moment below described application process only works for spouses of Peruvian nationals (para el caso de casado/a peruana/o), spouses of foreigners with resident status (para el caso de casado/a con extranjera/o residente en el país) and adult children with disabilities (para el caso de hijos mayores de 18 años con discapacidad). For all other family visas, please contact Migraciones through the Agencia Digital (either use the chat / phone function or make an appointment under Citas en linea, Informes) for information about the application process.

Open the Migraciones Agencia Digital. Choose "Extranjero" and enter the data requested. Enter your personal data exactly as in your passport.

On the next page you find on the left under “Cambio de Calidad Migratoria” the points “Familiar Residente: Casado con peruano(a) o extranjero(a) residente” or Familiar Residente: hijos(as) adultos con dispacidad”. Choose the one that applies.

Then just follow the steps as indicated; nothing you can do wrong. Always check that all personal data you entered (or was automatically filled in) is 100% correct and as in your passport.

During the process - under “Pago por derecho de tramite” - you are asked to enter certain information of the bank receipt (click on the little arrow and the fields appear). If you don't know where to find the requested bank information on your receipt, click on the question mark.

Under “Documento de identificacion adminstrado” (click on the little arrow and the fields appear - here you can as well just check which documents are necessary and then leave the page without finishing the process), you have to upload requested documents as PDF.

At the end of the process - if everything works smoothly - you get the confirmation of your application. Download this document and / or print it and keep it safe! At the end of this document, you find the login data for the “Buzon Electronico” which you should check regularly for notifications from Migraciones (for example, request to upload missing / other documents, approval of your visa or appointment for taking your biometrical data / photo, fingerprints, signature).

 

Getting your Carné (foreigner ID)

Once you get the confirmation that your family visa was approved, pay the fee of S/ 49.90 on pagalo.pe under code 07561-Formulario F-SPE-001 for the registration in the foreigner database and issuance of the carné; concepto Expedicion de carné de extranjeria.

Then once again enter the Agencia Digtal to do the online registration under “Inscr. Reg. central extranjeria”. As before, just follow the steps as indicated; check that all information is correct. At the end, you get a confirmation which you should download and / or print and keep safe!

Usually, around the same time, you receive an appointment for getting your biometrical data (photos, signature and fingerprints) taken. As the appointment is usually within 3 to 5 days after the message was sent to you, we highly recommend checking your buzón electronico regularly to not miss anything. Be aware that in Lima, the biometrical data is taken at the Migraciones office on Jr. Carabaya and not at the main office in Breña.

Be at the office 15 - 30 minutes before your appointment with all your documents (passport, appointment, application, approval). The process is quick and astonishingly well organized; you should be done in less than half an hour. The staff usually tells you when you should make an appointment to pick up your carné, but often a message is sent as well via the buzón electronico, so keep an eye on that. Expect to wait 10 - 14 days while your carné is in the process of being issued.

Then make an appointment on the Agencia Digital under “Citas en linea” to pick it up. Once again, download and / or print the confirmation and keep it safe!

On the day of your appointment, arrive at Migraciones 15 - 30 minutes early. Take your passport and confirmation(s) with you. Migraciones personal will point you in the right direction where you are handed you carné.

Congratulations! You made it!

Please note: the family visa is only valid for one (in some cases two) years and then has to be extended. Since March 2017, foreigners with a Carné don't have to pay a foreigner tax anymore, which before was due between January and March of each year. Foreigners living in Peru on a family visa have to be in the country at least 183 days per year, otherwise their resident status is canceled. They are allowed to work as employee or independently. After three years of legal residency in Peru, you can either apply for an immigrant visa (no more extensions and for relatives of Peruvians or foreigners with resident status no proof of own income) or if your nationality allows dual citizenship apply for Peruvian citizenship.

We from LimaEasy are not the Peruvian immigration authority Migraciones or a Peruvian consulate. All information is published to our best knowledge and should be seen as general guidance introducing you to Peruvian procedures. All information is subject to change, as regulations, requirements and processes can change quickly without prior notice! Therefore we recommend checking the current regulations with the nearest Peruvian consulate or, if you are already in Peru, with Migraciones!

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  • This commment is unpublished.
    Mikayla · 28/05/2022
    Hi, I'm still trying to get a background check issued in the US but my tourist visa expires in 2 weeks. When does the process start where I am not allowed to leave the country? I've uploaded all my other documents to the platform but haven't submitted yet since I still need the other background check. It will take probably 4 weeks to mail and get back. Do I need to leave the country and come back in, or since I've started uploading documents do I have to stay? I don't want to get in trouble for overstaying, or for leaving if it nulls the application.  However, if just uploading documents doesn't start the process, then I'll need to leave. But I am at the end of my 183 day limit in the country this year. So I'm afraid if I leave and try to come back in they won't let me. I've also asked if I can get an extension for my tourist visa and they said they don't allow extensions. What do I need to do? Will I be ok staying, or will I be allowed back in if I leave?
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 28/05/2022
      @Mikayla Hello Mikayla,

      Do not overstay, not even by a day when you plan to apply for residency. Your tourist visa must be still valid on the day you apply, otherwise your application will not be accepted. And no, there are no tourist visa extensions anymore.

      However, you are safe as soon as you have submitted your application and got the confirmation which is immediately sent to you by Migraciones. Even if your tourist visa expires a day later, no problem. So, if you just have uploaded documents, but haven't finished your application and submitted it, I recommend doing so a few days before your tourist visa expires.

      A few days later, you will get a message from Migraciones requesting to upload the missing background check within 3 to 5 days or so (on the bottom of your application confirmation you find the access data to your buzón electronico, check it every day to not miss anything).

      As by then you still don't have your background check and can't upload it, immediately respond to this message asking for a 30 day extension of the deadline to submit your background check. I'm not sure, if you can directly respond to the message or have to use the Mesa de Partes Virtual on the Agencia Digital. Usually, you don't get an answer to your request, but can assume it's granted if you don't get a notification saying otherwise.

      Anyway, if you wait another week before submitting your visa application plus around 3 days they need to respond plus 30 days extension, this should give you enough time to get your background check, including Apostille, and upload it before the extension time runs out. Problem solved.

      By the way, check out the comment below from Ryan (18.03.2022), he was worried about the long processing time, but did exactly what I recommend above.

      Greetings
      Eva
  • This commment is unpublished.
    Mick · 11/04/2022
    Hi, above it states "The document needs an Apostille or has to be legalized in the country of origin". Is this an either or situation? Does the document have to go to a ministry in the issuing  country for apostille and then to peruvian embassy for legalizaton or is the apostille sufficient on its own? Thanks
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 11/04/2022
      @Mick Hello Mick,

      The Apostille is nothing more than a specialized certificate verifying the legitimacy, genuineness and origin of a document. While the traditional method for authenticating documents to be used abroad, the legalization, involves numerous individual authentications of the document by increasingly higher authorities in the country where it was issued as well as the foreign Embassy or Consulate of the country where the document is to be used, the Apostille greatly simplifies and quickens the authentication process as usually only two (issuing and competent) or three (issuing, higher and competent) authorities in the country of origin are involved and no further authentication by the foreign Embassy or Consulate of the country where the document is to be used, or in the foreign country where the document is to be used, is necessary.

      But a document can only be apostilled if the country where it was issued and where it is to be used signed the "Apostille Convention" (Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents). Around 120 countries worldwide did so including Peru; however, Canada, most countries in Africa and some in the Middle East and Asia didn't.

      So, if the document was issued in a country that signed the Apostille Convention, you should get an Apostille; simpler, quicker and cheaper and, once in Peru, it only has to be translated by a certified translator, if it isn't in Spanish, and is accepted. If you just use an official translator in Peru, the translation has to be over-authenticated by the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (RREE).

      If the document was issued in a country that didn't sign the Apostille Convention, you have to follow the steps in the country of origin including as last step the Peruvian consulate to get the legalization. Then once in Peru the documents has to be over-authenticated by the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and translated (and perhaps over-authenticated once more by RREE).

      Greetings
      Eva
  • This commment is unpublished.
    Ryan · 18/03/2022
    Hi, I entered Peru in June last year with the intention to get married. We did do so in September. I however had to leave the country for a day and come back in, in order to still be on a valid visa. I needed that to sign the marriage contract. I received another 90 days which ran out on December 7th. I submitted my application for the marriage visa on the 2nd of December. I however did not have the completed police clearance certificate yet. Mine still needed the apostille. We were advised though to send in the application while still legal in the country. 

    A few days later we received a notice from migration that I have 5 days to submit the apostilled document. It was not ready yet so we were advised to ask for a 30 day extension. I did that, but did not receive any confirmation from them that it had been granted. My contact said that as long as they did not send me a notice to say my application was denied, the extension was granted.

    I finally received the apostilled document back a month later and sent it to them. Took forever since I am from South Africa and our systems are really slow. It has been months now and I have not received any communication through the Buzon electronico from migration. My contact said the only thing is to wait, since the process can be long and that as long as their is no notice of the application being denied it is still in process.

    It seems odd though to have had no notice from them in over 3 months. Do you perhaps know if this is normal and what I can do in this situation please?
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 18/03/2022
      @Ryan Hello Ryan,

      You did everything by the book. Perfect. In my opinion, you and the person advising you did a great job. Personally, I would have done the same things / given you the same advice.

      And yes, I would expect a notification from Migraciones either approving or denying your request for the extension of time they gave you to hand in your background check. But I have to agree with your contact, no news is good news. So, if you haven’t received anything from Migraciones denying your request, consider it approved and as long as you sent them the missing document within the 30 days, all good.

      And even though the processing time for a resident visa application is supposed to be 30 business days (add to that another 30 days for your extension request; officially your application is on hold for that time), as far as I know, it takes anything between 2 and 5 months at the moment until resident visa applications are approved. So, you are still well in time. And yes, it’s a nerve-wrecking waiting game, but I have to agree once more with your contact; as long as you haven’t received a notification that your resident visa application was denied, it’s still in process.

      Unfortunately, there is not a lot you can do. Wait, pray, hope for the best, check your buzón regularly. In case you haven’t heard anything from Migraciones by mid-/ end April, I personally would get in contact with them (best use the chat on the Agencia Digital).

      All the best, including lots of patience

      Greetings
      Eva
  • This commment is unpublished.
    Mick · 04/03/2022
    Hi I'm in the process of applying for the family Visa and I'm wondering if anyone on here experience with getting police clearance from Canada? If anyone has information regarding this could you please provide a detailed step-by-step process of how you we're able to get this when you are already located in Peru. Thank
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 04/03/2022
      @Mick
      Hello Mick,

      sorry, I can't help you here, but this is what the Royal Canadian Mounted Police says:

      "From outside Canada

      To submit fingerprints to the RCMP's Canadian Criminal Real Time Identification Services (CCRTIS) from outside of Canada, you must first contact the local police of jurisdiction where you are staying outside Canada and who can provide you with a copy of your fingerprints. Ensure you get the name and address of the police agency as well as the signature and name of the official taking the fingerprints. Also ensure all ten fingers are taken with black ink.

      Next, you must contact an accredited company [CCRTIS-SCICTR @ rcmp-grc.gc.ca. for a list of accredited companies] within Canada who can convert the paper fingerprint forms taken outside of Canada and submit them to CCRTIS electronically."

      I have no idea, if you can get your fingerprints taken in Peru at a police station; worth a try. Or you could ask at the Canadian embassy if they know where you can get this done (they themselves most probably won't do it and might not be helpful). Otherwise you unfortunately have to get back to Canada to do it there. What a pain.

      Greetings
      Eva


  • This commment is unpublished.
    Fernando · 19/01/2022
    Hi, my wife and I just went through the process and we can confirm that they are enforcing the police clearance certificate. We obtained this document from the FBI and had to legalize it in a Peruvian consulate in the US. Thereupon in Peru, we had an official translation service translate the document into Spanish and then legalize the document once again in the Ministry of Foreign Relations.
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 19/01/2022
      @Fernando
      Hello Fernando,

      thank you so much for your feedback.

      Greetings
      Eva

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