History of Peru

Before your eyes, the history of Peru reveals the long and painful process by which two great cultures challenged each other and finally produced a new cycle in the cultural evolution. Imperial Spain and the Incan empire have long since disappeared, but modern Peru (child of the two) today stands confidently on the threshold of the future.

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Francisco Pizarro González (1474-1541)

Peruvian Personalities & Founders
Francisco Pizarro, a peasant from Spain, was one of the least well-equipped conquerors in history. However, in the name of Christ, he destroyed the powerful Empire of the Incas and bestowed on Spain the richest of possessions. Pizarro also established the city of Lima in Peru thus opening the way for Spanish culture to dominate South America.
  • Conquistador
  • Explorer
  • Militarian

Ciro Alegría Bazán (1909-1967)

Peruvian Personalities & Founders
Ciro Alegría was born 1909 in Cajabamba, Peru, as the son of Spanish-Irish parents. He died in 1967. His great-grandfather Diego Lynch was an Irishman and owner of Peruvian mines. Alegria at age eighteen began work as a newspaper reporter, covering politics and government.
  • Activist
  • Journalist
  • Politician
  • Writer

José Fernando de Abascal (1743-1821)

Peruvian Personalities & Founders
Abascal was born into a noble family and was a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator in America. At the age of 19, he entered the army. After serving for 20 years, they promoted him to colonel, and later in the war against France, to brigadier. In 1796 he took part in the defense of Havana against the British.
  • Militarian
  • Viceroy
Europe’s first knowledge of Peruvian textiles was acquired following the Spanish invasion of Peru in 1532, when the conquistadores included a few fabrics in shipments of gold and silver they sent back to Spain.

History of Peruvian Archaeology

Peruvian Archaeology
The story of the origins and development of Peruvian archaeology begins with the earliest Spanish contact in 1524, and continues through the Colonial and Independence periods, leading at the close of the Early Republican period in 1900 to the emergence of the discipline of archaeology. It is to these three periods of time, spanning approximately...

Religion and Gods in Ancient Peru

People, Cultures, Religions & Gods of Peru
Like most ancient peoples, the Incas and their contemporaries worshipped multiple gods. Yet there was an unmistakable tendency for each group to recognize a single god as supremely significant, at least so far as its own tribal fortunes were concerned.

Jorge Basadre Grohmann (1903 -1980)

Peruvian Personalities & Founders
Jorge Basadre Grohmann is one of the most notable Peruvian historians. As a professor, researcher and publicist Jorge Basadre opened a new page in the view of history, introducing innovative methods and perspectives. His main focus and dedication was always the Peruvian Republican history. Basadre left us many significant publications.
  • Educator
  • Historian
  • Writer

Abraham Valdelomar Pinto (1888 -1919)

Peruvian Personalities & Founders
Pedro Abraham Valdelomar Pinto was a famous Peruvian writer leaving us some of the most beautiful Peruvian narrations, short stories, plays for theaters, essays and chronicles; and for his time even some quite daring writings. He was a regular at the famous Palais Concert, a café and the center for regular meetings of Lima's intellectual scene; ...
  • Politician
  • Writer

José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles (1914-1941)

Peruvian Personalities & Founders
José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles was a famous Peruvian aviaor. Named the best fighter pilot of the year 1939, he was the first cadet performing an inverted loop and three "tanneaux verticales", a pirouette in which the aircraft rotates around its pivotal point flying in horizontal direction. José Quiñones died in action in July 1941 during the Pe...
  • Aviator
  • Militarian
The red and white colors of the Peruvian flag were an inspiration of General José de San Martín. There are various theories and interpretations about its composition.
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Security Elements S 200 Peruvian Banknote

Security Elements S 200 Peruvian Banknote

Security Elements S 200 Peruvian Banknote
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