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Travel authorization for minors

Travel authorization for Peruvian minors and underage foreign residents

Autorización de viaje para menores de edad

To travel abroad (so to leave Peru) alone, accompanied by only one parent or by another adult, or to travel in Peru alone, Peruvian minors but as well underage foreign residents need a special travel authorization allowing the child to clear immigration unhindered. If this travel authorization isn’t presented, the minor won’t be allowed to leave the country or, if alone, to travel in the country. So, better be prepared to avoid inconveniences.

 

Content overview

 

General information about the travel authorization for minors

The travel authorization is an official document signed by the mother and/or the father allowing his/her/their underage child to travel alone in Peru or go abroad alone, accompanied by only one parent or another adult.

When the minor travels with both parents, no authorization is needed. However, if only one parent travels with the minor abroad the permission of the other parent is needed. If the minor travels alone or with another adult in Peru or abroad, both parents must sign the travel authorization.

Depending on the circumstances the travel authorization is issued by different authorities in Peru or abroad

  • Peruvian notary: a notarial travel authorization is needed
    • if the child travels alone or with another adult in Peru or abroad
    • if the child travels with only one parent abroad
  • Peruvian consulate: a consular travel authorization is needed
    • if one or both parents are abroad
  • Peruvian family court: a judicial travel authorization is needed
    • if the minor travels abroad and both parents are absent
    • if the minor travels abroad and one parent is absent
    • if one parent doesn’t agree that the minor is traveling abroad

Sounds complicated? Sorry. Just read through the article and see, which case applies to you. Most times, the travel authorization issued by a notary is all you need.

 

Travel authorization for minors issued by a Peruvian notary

The notarial travel authorization can be issued by any licensed notary in Peru. Depending on the applicable circumstances, different documents have to be presented and only one or both parents have to be present and sign the authorization.

For traveling in Peru

  • If the minor travels in Peru alone or with another adult, only one parent has to be present at the notary and has to sign the authorization
  • If the minor travels with one parent, no travel authorization is needed
Requirements for a notarial travel authorization for traveling in Peru
  • Birth certificate of the minor (*)
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) of the minor
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) of the mother or father
  • Additionally, notaries may as well ask for the date of travel and return, point of departure and destination as well as means of transport (for example, airplane incl. flight number, bus, car, train) and, if applicable, responsible person (full name and ID/passport number). So, be prepared.
  • Copies of all documents

(*) In case the birth certificate was issued abroad, it must have an Apostille or, if the country in which the document was issued didn't sign the Apostille Convention must be legalized by a Peruvian consulate. If the birth certificate is not in Spanish, it must be translated in Peru.

For traveling abroad

  • If the minor travels abroad alone or with another adult, both parents have to be present at the notary and both have to sign the authorization.
  • If the minor travels abroad with one parent, only the other parent who is not traveling with them has to be present at the notary and has to sign the authorization. However, be aware that the DNI / carné and passport of the parent traveling with the kid may be required as well, even though not on the official requirement list.
Requirements for a notarial travel authorization for going abroad include but may not be restricted to
  • Birth certificate of the minor (*)
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) and passport of the minor
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) and passport of the parents
  • If one parent has sole custody: usually the consent of the minor is sufficient, but sometimes notaries ask for legal proof
  • If one parent died: death certificate
  • If one or both parents are abroad: a consular travel authorization is needed (see below)
  • Copies of all documents
  • Additionally, notaries may as well ask for the date of travel and return, point of departure and destination as well as means of transport (for example, airplane incl. flight number, bus, car, train) and, if applicable, responsible person (full name and ID/passport number). So, be prepared.

(*) In case the birth certificate was issued abroad, it must have an Apostille or, if the country in which the document was issued didn't sign the Apostille Convention must be legalized by a Peruvian consulate. If the birth certificate is not in Spanish, it must be translated in Peru.

How to get the notarial travel authorization

Just pay the nearest licensed notary in Peru a visit and ask for the “Autorización de viaje para menores de edad”. Present your documents, pay the fee and usually within a few hours, the document is issued on official paper of the Peruvian Association of Public Notaries, signed and stamped by the notary.

Make sure that all names and all other personal information is as in the passports and all travel information is correct.

The travel authorization for minors is valid for 90 days and good for one travel only. When the child is leaving Peru, the document has to be presented at immigration and is usually kept. So, make a copy of it (best a certified one) for yourself just in case you need it somewhere else during your travel.

 

Travel authorization for minors issued by a Peruvian consulate

If one or both parents of a minor in Peru are abroad, he/she/they has/have to request a travel authorization at a Peruvian consulate so the child can leave Peru either alone, accompanied by only one parent or by another person.

General requirements for a consular travel authorization include but may not be restricted to

  • Birth certificate of the minor
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) and passport of the minor
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) and passport of the parents
  • If one parent has sole custody: usually the consent of the minor is sufficient, but sometimes consulates ask for legal proof
  • If one parent died: death certificate
  • Additionally, consulates may ask for other documents and for date of travel and return, point of departure and destination as well as means of transport (for example, airplane incl. flight number, bus, car, train) and, if applicable, responsible person (full name and ID/passport number). So, be prepared.

How to get the consular travel authorization?

Get in contact with the nearest Peruvian consulate. They will inform you about the current requirements and exact procedure.

Be aware that the travel authorization issued by a Peruvian consulate has to be legalized by the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs before the child can leave Peru. As all other travel authorizations, it is as well only good for one travel.

Please note: In case one parent is abroad and the other is in Peru and the minor travels alone or with another adult abroad, then both parents individually have to allow the child to travel; so, the parent abroad has to get the travel authorization at a Peruvian consulate and the parent in Peru additionally one from a Peruvian notary.

 

Travel authorization for minors issued by a Peruvian court

In case a minor needs / wants to travel abroad and both parents are absent, or one parent wants to travel with the child and the other can’t be found anywhere, or one parent doesn’t agree that the minor is traveling abroad, then either the parent wanting to travel, the minor represented by an adult, or the legal guardian can apply for a travel authorization at a Peruvian family court.

Requirements for a judicial travel authorization

  • Birth certificate of the minor (*)
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) and passport of the minor
  • DNI or carné (in case of a foreign resident) and passport of the applicant
  • Any other document needed for the specific case or helping the case

(*) In case the birth certificate was issued abroad, it must have an Apostille or, if the country in which the document was issued didn't sign the Apostille Convention must be legalized by a Peruvian consulate. If the birth certificate is not in Spanish, it must be translated in Peru.

How to get the judicial travel authorization?

First the fee for the “Autorizacion judicial de viaje para menores de edad” has to be paid at any Banco de la Nación Branch. Then, the applicant has to submit all documents at the Mesa de Partes of the local family court. Usually, in a timely manner an interview of the applicant and the minor is scheduled.

After evaluating the documents and evidence, the court either denies the travel or issues the judicial travel authorization. Be aware, that Peruvian courts aren't the quickest and in case one or both parents are absent the judge might order first a public announcement which can delay the process for at least 14 or 30 days and then involve Reniec or Migraciones which might take another month or so. So don't expect a quick ruling.

The judicial travel authorization is valid only once and, when leaving the country must be presented at immigration together with the officially signed court decision.

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  • This commment is unpublished.
    Ian · 18/05/2024
    Hi Eva. What about entering and leaving Peru with your own child , and neither of you have Peruvian passports or residency, just visiting as tourists? We are on holiday in Peru and all entered together, but my wife has to return home for a short time for an important event with our child, and then come back, ideally without me going too. She and our child are Colombian, I am British. Thank you, 
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 19/05/2024
      @Ian
      Hello Ian,

      the above described travel permit is only necessary for Peruvian minors or foreign residents leaving the country. Nevertheless, if your wife is leaving Peru alone she should have at least a simple letter from you allowing her to travel alone.

      And I don't know where "home" is and if your child is traveling on a British or Colombian passport. If she is traveling to Colombia (when I remember correctly Colombia is even stricter with minors traveling only with one parent), then she might not have a problem returning to Colombia when your son is also traveling on a Colombian passport but surely with leaving Colombia with only one parent. I'm sure she will need a similar travel permit signed by you that she can leave Colombia. You should check the exact requirements with the Colombian embassy.

      Greetings
      Eva
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Ian · 19/05/2024
      @Sunflower Thank you for the reply and best wishes! 
  • This commment is unpublished.
    Cynthia · 12/08/2023
    Heads up when going to a notary for a letter of consent- if the child is a US citizen, they require the US birth certificate to be a translated apostle sealed document and will not accept certified originals from vital statistics. 
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 13/08/2023
      @Cynthia
      Hello Cynthia,

      yes, to be accepted in Peru by any official authority, documents issued abroad (which can be certified copies of an original) always need an Apostille (or if the country in which they were issued didn't sign the Hague Apostille Convention a legalization from the Peruvian consulate and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Peru) and a translation in Peru.

      I will make this clearer in the article above to avoid confusion.

      Have a nice Sunday

      Eva
  • This commment is unpublished.
    Ithalo Paniagua · 26/06/2023
    If a minor is travelling alone as a foreigner and is using their US passport, do they still need the notarized consent form?
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 26/06/2023
      @Ithalo Paniagua Hello Ithalo,

      First of all, be aware that you must leave Peru on the passport you entered the country. So, if in your case the minor entered Peru on his/her US passport as a tourist, he/she must leave the country on the US passport. If the minor, however, is a dual national, for example Peruvian and US American, and either entered the country on his/her Peruvian passport or was born in Peru and never left the country before, must leave Peru on his/her Peruvian passport.

      With this being said, if the minor is in Peru as a Peruvian or as a resident foreigner, then he/she needs above explained travel permission.

      If the minor is in Peru on a foreign passport as a tourist, even though the exact requirements vary a bit depending on the destination country, the age and form of transport (for example, the airline), generally all minors traveling internationally alone no matter their nationality must have a letter of consent from the parent(s) or legal guardian or even a notarized affidavit from the parent(s) or legal guardian confirming that the minor has permission to travel as an unaccompanied minor.

      So, best check the exact rules with the airline or bus company the minor will use.

      Greetings
      Eva
  • This commment is unpublished.
    Terri · 04/04/2023
    Will the minor children who are dual citizens and have lived in Peru for 6 years, will they still need a Peru passport to leave Peru? Or is it possible they can use their U.S. passport to leave Peru?
    • This commment is unpublished.
      Sunflower
      • LimaEasy
      · 04/04/2023
      @Terri
      Hello Terri,

      Peruvian minors with dual nationality (this applies to adults as well) who were born in Peru and never left Peru before or who have entered the country on their Peruvian passport are considered Peruvian during their stay in Peru and must leave the country on their Peruvian passport.

      If a Peruvian minor or adult chose to enter the country on his/her other (non-Peruvian) passport, he/she enters as a tourist and the rules and regulations for non-resident foreigners apply. He/she must leave the country on the other (non-Peruvian) passport.

      So, if the child is in Peru as a Peruvian, it must leave on a Peruvian passport.

      As appointments to get a new passport are nearly impossible to get and the passport booklets seems to be short in supply again, those Peruvians who have an urgent international trip and need a new passport can apply for it within 48h before their flight departs at the Migraciones office in Breña or one of the MACs (Mejor Atención al Ciudadano) in Lima or Callao or at the decentralized Migraciones offices in La Molina or at Jockey Plaza without an appointment. Be there early.

      Requirements are:
      •    DNI (valid, with correct name, address, no open fines)
      •    Payment receipt (pagalo.pe; Migraciones code 01810)
      •    Flight ticket (name must be the same as on the DNI and flight must be leaving Peru within 48h) OR boarding pass

      You can as well apply 24h before the flight leaves at the Migraciones office at the Jorge Chavez International Airport.

      Greetings
      Eva

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