Coffee beans originated in Africa and were introduced to Peru in the 19th century. But coffee cultivation did not become common in Peru until the mid-twentiest century. In the 1990s, coffee growing was encouraged as a replacement for coca farming by several non-governmental agencies.
Today the coffee industry is one of the country's most important agricultural sectors making Peru a big player in the worldwide coffee market.
Peru is noted for being a major producer of organic and fair trade coffee beans. Because of the mild nature of most coffee produced in Peru, it is used primarily for blending, French-roast and as a flavored-coffee base. However, some coffees from the northern region of Peru have a superb full body and a delicate sweetness.
The Peruvian central region in particular, has gained recognition for its high quality organic coffee. Puno coffees from the southern region are full-bodied and very citrus-like tasting. Cuzco coffee offers fruity acidity and is among the most consistently balanced Peruvian coffees.