Write a comment
Three Wise Men celebrations - Bajada de los Reyes

Three Wise Men celebrations - Bajada de los Reyes

Festivities for the Dia de los Reyes Magos in Ollantaytambo in the Sacred Valley near Cusco and Lima

06 January

Every year on January 6 Peruvians, just as many other Christians, commemorate the arrival of the Three Wise Men or Three Kings at Jesus’ manger bearing gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh.

But as so often in Peru those kinds of celebrations are not only about the Catholic customs and rituals brought to the country by the Spanish conquerors nearly 500 years ago, but as well include ancient indigenous traditions and rites.

In the Andes, where the “Bajada de los Reyes” is widely celebrated, January marks the height of the rainy season which brings water essential for growing crops and a good harvest. Ancient Peruvians celebrated the rain with many festivities, which later merged with the Spanish celebrations for “Dia de los Reyes Magos”.

Today the most spectacular celebration can be found in Ollantaytambo in the Sacred Valley. Already on January 5, El Niño Jesús de Marcacocha (the baby Jesus of Marcacocha) is brought from the valley of Patakancha to Ollantaytambo in a huge, colorful procession, with locals from the surrounding highlands joining the festivities in traditional costumes.

The beginning of the official festivities, which might be best described as a mixture of traditional folk festival and serious religious ceremonies, is marked by the arrival at the main plaza in Ollantaytambo in the late afternoon and celebrations continue throughout the night.

On January 6, the principal day of the festivities, the morning starts with a traditional mass. Then the images of El Niño Jesús de Marcacocha and other Christ Children are walked around town in a large procession. The day is full of traditional and folkloric music and dancing on the main plaza and on the streets around town and lots of local food and drinks. In the afternoon a bullfight takes place near the ruins of Ollantaytambo.

Festivities continue until January 8, but on a much smaller scale.

In Lima, the festivities are much smaller and less enthusiastic. Usually three police officers, dressed as the Three Kings, ride on horses to the Nativity scene at Lima’s main plaza, bringing the Christ Child symbolic gifts. A special mass is celebrated in Lima’s Cathedral and at the end of the day small celebrations surrounding the removal of the Nativity scene take place.


Swap Start/End
Say something here...
characters left
or post as a guest
All comments MUST be in English and will be moderated before publishing.
They will appear below within 24 hours.
Loading comment... The comment will be refreshed after 00:00.

Be the first to comment.

Peru Newsflash

Peru Event Calendar

Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun

Latest Content...

Latest Video

Maria Reiche - Memories

Maria Reiche - Memories

Submitted by: Tintin
05 December 2021

Long Reads...

  • Peruvian Archaeology

    The Mystery of the Nazca Lines in Peru

    In the 1920s, when people first flew across southern Peru, they made an astonishing discovery. Stretching below them,…
  • Peruvian Personalities & Founders

    Francisco Pizarro González (1474-1541)

    Francisco Pizarro, a peasant from Spain, was one of the least well-equipped conquerors in history. However, in the name…
  • Peruvian Archaeology

    The colorful Fabrics and Textiles of Peru

    Europe’s first knowledge of Peruvian textiles was acquired following the Spanish invasion of Peru in 1532, when the…
  • Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales

    The Jeweled Frog and the Condor

    By a quiet pond, at the side of a cloud-topped mountain in Peru, lived a small green frog and his large green family.…
  • Peru Info

    Peruvian Economy

    The Peruvian economy is an emerging, social market economy highly dependent on foreign trade and classified as an upper…