As much of the Catholic world Peru celebrates the Day of the Immaculate Conception on December 8th as a public holiday.
Since the fall of man, stemming from Adam and Eve's rebellion in Eden, all humans are born with the original sin. According to Catholic belief, Mary, however, had to be completely free of sin to give birth to Jesus, God’s son. So, on the day of her conception - 9 months before her birth on September 8 - God acted upon her in the womb of her mother Saint Anne, keeping her “immaculate”.
Even though often confused with the Virgin Birth of Jesus, the celebration of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary has nothing to do with it but commemorates the singular grace and privilege of being born free of sin granted to Mary by the Almighty God.
In Peru the celebrations of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary (Inmaculada Concepción or Dia de la Purísima Concepción) differ from region to region and even from community to community; but expect masses and colorful processions throughout the country.
Most enthusiastically are festivities in Cusco, where ancient Andean traditions merge with the Catholic ceremonies and local music and dances as well as traditional food and drinks accompany the Christian celebrations.