Culture Guide

Lima is known for its rich historical and cultural past. Long before the Spaniards arrived several other cultures with highly advanced skills in construction, agriculture and arts settled the area of today's Lima. The Spanish colonist added to this legendary cultural legacy. Based on the model of Spanish cities, the "City of the Kings" arose and soon Lima became the political, economic, cultural and religious center of the Spanish colonies in South America. A completely different culture with European and Moorish influence mixed with the indigenous cultural and religious inheritance.

Everywhere visible in Lima is how these ancient cultures melted with modern factors. Amazing archaeological sites like the "Huacas" (Adobe pyramids) are spread over the city and are worth a visit. A must for every Lima visitor is the Historic City Center with amazing buildings, plazas and churches from Colonial times. Don't miss the numerous museums, displaying a huge variety of Lima's and Peru's culture from antique and traditional to modern and contemporary. Theatres, cinemas and Cultural Centers complete Lima's cultural scene.

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Convent of the Descalzos

Historical Churches & Convents
Located at the end of a once elegant avenue in Rimac at the foot of San Cristobal, the Convento de Los Descalzos, the Convent of the Barefoot Friars, was founded in 1595 as a place of spiritual retreat surrounded by fields and vineyards. Even though today it's right in the middle of sprawling and hectic Lima, the Convent still is a tranquil and ...

Archaeological Complex of Pachacamac

Huacas (Adobe Pyramids)
The history of Lima and the population of the surrounding area did not only begin with the foundation of the colonial city by Francisco Pizarro in 1535. Actually, the area of today’s city and province of Lima was inhabited many thousands of years before that by numerous different, highly advanced pre-Hispanic cultures that left us impressive set...
The Museum of the Central Reserve Bank isn't a museum about money. In 1982 the museum opened its doors to the public with an archaeological, a Republican paintings and a coin collection. But in 2004 the impressive numismatic collection was moved to the newly opened Museo Numismatico.

Church and Convent San Pedro

Historical Churches & Convents
This Jesuits church is one of the gorgeous religious buildings of the 17th century in Lima. From the outside it might look very simple but that makes the inside even more magnificent. Extremely remarkable are the arcades and the altars decorated with gold.

Archbishop Palace

Historical Buildings
The Archbishop Palace is situated directly at Plaza de Armas, Lima's main square, next to the Cathedral. This important place in the middle of town reflects the immense power the church had in Colonial Lima. Constructions for the Cathedral of Lima and the original "Palacio Arzobispal" started shortly after the foundation of Lima in 1535.

Church la Merced

Historical Churches & Convents
The original church was a small wooden construction and built already before the foundation of Lima. In it the first Holy Mass of Lima was celebrated (1534). Today many faithful still come to the church every day, to adore the cross of "Padre Urraca", who is believed to have performed many wonders.

Church San Agustin

Historical Churches & Convents
Due to severe damages caused by artillery fire during the War of the Pacific, the Church San Agustin (built in 1574) was close to collapse at the end of the 19th century. After the war the church was rebuilt resembling its architecture and style at the beginning of the 18th century.

Maranga Archaeological Complex

Huacas (Adobe Pyramids)
The "Archaeological Complex Maranga" is located in the "Parque de las Leyendas". The park houses not only the zoo and botanical garden of Lima but as well a big part of Lima's most extensive ancient city and one of the most important pre-Hispanic complexes at the central Peruvian coast. The ancient city of Maranga contained impressive huge monum...

Numismatic Museum of Peru

Museums in Lima
In the beautiful restored mansion of the "Tribunal Mayor de Cuentas" from the 17th century the Numismatic Museum was inaugurated on the 25th of March 2004. The Museo Numismático displays a unique collection of mainly coins, banknotes and medals, beginning with the origin of the Peruvian currency during Colonial times and the foundation of the "C...

Central Post Office Building

Historical Buildings
The Central Post Office was opened in 1897 and was responsible for all national and international correspondence. When technology developed and the telegraph was introduced to Peru it became the main relay station for all transmissions. At the beginning of the 20th century the building was completely remodeled to fit into the new European style ...
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