After having closed all borders and having suspended all international and national travel by air, land, sea and river at the beginning of the pandemic in mid-March 2020, since October 2020 traveling to Peru by air and in Peru by air and land, and since mid-February 2022 crossing land border is possible again, however with strict entry requirements and constantly changing travel regulations.
Despite a high vaccination rate (nationwide 88.6% of Peruvians have received at least one dose, nearly 81.5% are fully vaccinated with 2 doses and 53.9% already had their booster shot (source: Peruvian Ministry of Health, numbers from April 25, 2022), extremely low case numbers and nearly non-existent Covid related deaths, the Peruvian government issued updated Covid regulations on April 23, 2022 extending the state of emergency and the national health emergency for another month until the end of May 2022. It was once more confirmed that prevention and control measures to stop the spread of Covid will remain in place at least until the end of August 2022.
Additionally, depending on case numbers and hospital utilization, different alert levels - ranging from moderate to high to very high and extreme - with corresponding public health measures and movement restrictions - are in place on the regional level and are re-evaluated every two to three weeks.
Furthermore, Corona restrictions for unvaccinated persons are tightened with every new announcement and living and traveling in Peru without a physical or digital vaccination certificate proving you had at least two doses, since April 1, 2022, three doses of a vaccine against Covid is nearly impossible. (see below under "Traveling in Peru")
Covid entry requirements for Peru
For international passengers on commercial flights, Peru requires the following (February 2022):
- From May 1, 2022: Peru requires an official vaccination certificate from everyone older than 12 years - Peruvian, foreign resident of Peru and non-resident foreigner (visitor) - entering the country, proving they had the first and second dose of a vaccination against Covid-19. Residents of Peru older than 18 years must present a certificate of a third shot (though not in the current regulations, I assume that soon everyone, so as well foreigners not living in Peru, need a booster shot). Failing to provide proof of 2 / 3 shots (so, if you are not vaccinated according to your age group), a negative real-time COVID-19 molecular (RT-PCR) test result that is not older than 48 hours after being issued and before boarding the plane has to be presented (see latest Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, article 4.4).
- The Supreme Decree additionally states that children under the age of 12 years just have to be healthy (asymptomatic) - we highly recommend checking if the airline requests any document / test result to prove that the child is healthy.
- If you show Covid symptoms upon arrival, you will be put into quarantine, no matter your vaccination status.
- Pre-registration on the immigration app prior to arrival - here an explanation how it's done.
- All passengers must also complete an affidavit of health before boarding the plane.
- All passengers have to wear either double masks or a single KN95/FFP2 mask when entering the country and inside the airport; face shields aren't obligatory anymore.
Above requirements may change at any time, so we highly recommend contacting your airline a few days before your flight to Peru.
After being closed for nearly two years, land borders were re-opened in mid-February 2022. To cross into Peru at a land border, everyone older than 12 years has to present an official vaccination certificate, proving you had the first and second dose of a vaccination against Covid-19. Residents of Peru older than 18 years must present a certificate of a third shot. Even though not yet in the current Covid regulations Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, I assume that in a future version foreigners not living in Peru and just visiting might be required to show a booster shot as well. If you are not vaccinated, a negative real-time COVID-19 molecular (RT-PCR) test result that is not older than 48 hours after being issued and before entering the country has to be presented.
Traveling in Peru
Peru surely is one of the most amazing countries to visit: amazing landscapes, diverse and partly untouched nature, ancient cultures with all the impressive monuments they left us, lovely and inviting people and an incomparable gastronomy.
However, Covid hit Peru hard and despite partly extreme strict measures to get the pandemic under control, many people got infected and lots died over the past two years. And despite high vaccination rates, it seems that the Peruvian government tightens the regulations with every new official announcement. Today (April 25, 2022), it is (nearly) impossible to travel to and in Peru if you hadn't had your first and second dose of a Covid vaccine. And, even though not yet legally required for tourists, just for Peruvian residents (this might change soon) if you are older than 18 years, you better had your booster shot, as otherwise you will have a hard time getting around, visiting attractions or getting anything done.
So, if you are planning to visit Peru, here some general information about the most important regulations and some recommendations:
- Using masks is mandatory in all public places. While for months double masks (cloth mask above a 3 layer medical masks) were required, since November 2021 wearing a single KN95 / FFP2 mask is as well allowed. From May 1, 2022, the mask mandate in open public spaces (so, on the street, in public parks, on the beach, etc.) is lifted in areas where at least 80% of the population over 60 years received 3 shots of a vaccine against Covid and 80% of the population above 12 years 2 doses(see Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, article 4.1). Right now (April 25, 2022), this is the case in Lima, Callao, Ica and Ancash.
- According to the official regulations, face shields aren't obligatory anymore, however, private companies (such as Peru Rail for example) might still ask their passengers to wear them.
- Be aware that since October 2020, Migraciones at the airport has suspended the stamping of passports upon arrival and departure to minimize the risk of spreading Covid-19. So, while you won’t have a physical stamp in your passport anymore, your arrival and departure will still be digitally recorded (see our glossary under TAM and our article "How many days did I get").
- Keep an eye on the alert levels of the region you are traveling in or to. While for example on “extreme alert” only essential activities are allowed with everything else from museums to archaeological sites, restaurants, churches, etc. closed and social immobilization / curfews implemented, on “very high alert”, “high alert” and “moderate alert” a decreasing number of businesses / tourist attractions is closed or an increasing number can operate with a limited capacity and restrictions for citizens and visitors are eased a bit by bit.
- On national flights, all passengers - Peruvians, foreign residents of Peru and foreigners visiting the country - over the age of 12 years must be fully vaccinated (2 shots). Residents of Peru over 18 years must have their booster shot (foreigners just visiting aren't mentioned, but it can be assumed that the 3 shot rule is applied to them as well; so better be prepared). If you haven't received the 2/3 doses according to your age group, a negative real-time COVID-19 molecular (RT-PCR) test result that is not older than 48 hours after being issued and before boarding the plane has to be presented (see Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, article 4.5). Children under the age of 12 years just have to be healthy (asymptomatic). Masks are obligatory.
- On intercity / interprovincial busses, all passengers - Peruvians, foreign residents of Peru and foreigners visiting the country - above the age of 12 years must be fully vaccinated (2 shots). Residents of Peru over 18 years must have their booster shot (foreigners just visiting aren't mentioned, but it can be assumed that the 3 shot rule is applied to them as well; so better be prepared). If you haven't received the 2/3 doses according to your age group, a negative real-time COVID-19 molecular (RT-PCR) test result that is not older than 48 hours after being issued and before boarding the bus has to be presented (see Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, article 4.6). Children under the age of 12 years just have to be healthy (asymptomatic). Masks are obligatory.
- Residents of Peru over the age of 18 years wanting to enter closed spaces must permanently wear a mask and must prove that they had their first, second and third shot. "Closed spaces" include: Supermarkets, markets, shopping malls, all shops, stores and other service providers, banks, notaries, government offices, public and private institutions, churches, theaters, cinemas, museums, cultural centers, art galleries, libraries, gyms, spas, restaurants, casinos, etc. (see Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, article 4.8). Foreigners just visiting aren't mentioned, but it can be assumed that at most places the 3 shot rule is applied to them as well; so better be prepared.
- In most other places, including, for example, archaeological sites, parks, beaches, rivers, lagoons, swimming pools, sport stadiums, etc. everyone over 12 years (in sports stadiums even over 5 years) must present their vaccination certificate proving 2 shots, everyone older than 18 years 3 shots.
- Follow official regulations and respect restrictions and curfews. Fines are costly.
- Respect safety and security protocols and hygiene measures in places you visit and follow the instructions of tourism professionals, guides, drivers, hotel staff, etc.
- Avoid crowded places, keep your distance, wash or sanitize your hands regularly, and sanitize your luggage and gear as well.
- Make sure that the attractions and sites you are planning to visit are open and have available spaces and other planned activities take place. Best schedule your visit in advance.
- Best book as well in advance at restaurants or opt for delivery or takeout.
- If you need a negative PCR or antigen test result for the return to your home country, many hotels and other accommodation providers in Peru either offer this service at their own implemented facilities or can advise and / or coordinate an appointment with a laboratory or clinic nearby. You can as well make the test at the Jorge Chavez International Airport (be aware that PCR test results usually take at least 12 - 24h).
- Make sure you have a good travel insurance that provides medical coverage not only for injury and illness during your travel in Peru but also for the treatment of Covid and a possible repatriation.
Stay safe and healthy!