Lima is not just the name of the capital of Peru. The district of Lima where the historical city center is located is called Lima. The surrounding region is called Lima. And to make it a bit more complicated, Lima is also the name of the Province, located in the Department of Lima.
Today Lima forms the region 'Lima Metropolitana'. They divide it into 43 districts (distritos). Thirty of these districts belong geographically to the city of Lima, and each has its own flair, charm and character. Thirteen of Lima's districts are surrounding the core of the urban area and are located outside of Lima in more rural zones. The province of Callao counts with 6 districts that officially belong to the Lima Metropolitan area.
San Miguel is half way between Lima's city center and Callao, directly at the Pacific Ocean. In pre-Hispanic times the area was populated by different ingenious civilizations. From the 1920s to the 1960s it was a beach, pleasure and entertainment district similar to Miraflores, Barranco and Chorrillos attracting visitors with its amazing scenery...
Santa Anita is located east of Lima's city center. It's a low to middle class residential area. Located within the district are the Mercado Mayorista, a huge wholesale market, and the Universidad Particular San Martín de Porres.
Santa Maria del Mar is a small district of Lima south to the City Center directly at the Pacific Ocean. It is well known for its beaches and attracts many beachgoers every summer. As a lot of them rent apartments during this time, the population of "enormous" 161 citizens (Census 2007) increases considerably.
Santa Rosa is located at the northern coast of Lima. It's a quite rural area which has agriculture as the main income source. In the district you find the beach site of the famous Club de la Union, the Karting Club of Peru and the Santa Rosa golf club.
Surco probably isn't one of the district tourists and visitors immediately will think of when coming to Lima. Only a few find their way to Surco. A fact, that doesn't do justice to the district. Surco probably has the best-kept green areas and parks (around 400) in Lima. Some of the more exclusive universities of Lima are located in Surco, inclu...
Surquillo is south of the city center, surrounded by upper class districts like Miraflores, San Borja and San Isidro. Anyhow founded as a "barrio" (suburb) for the indios (Indian population) in colonial times and being a working class area in colonial times, Surquillo today is mostly a lower-middle class district.
Ventanilla is one of six districts that make up the Constitutional Province of Callao. Located north of the province it is the largest district of Callao. Ventanilla's first inhabitants were fishermen and peasants living in the valleys of the Rimac and Chillon River. Until the arrival of the Spaniards in the 16th century various highly advanced ...
Villa El Salvador (VES) is a low income residential district on the southern outskirts of Lima. The district is the result of a massive land invasion by immigrant families who had left the Peruvian highlands in 1971 and were relocated by the military government to a desolate empty desert area around 32 km from the city center.
Villa Maria del Triunfo (VMT) is a low income residential district on the southern outskirts of Lima. Most of the district’s residents are migrants from other Peruvian provinces who invaded the desert area. Over half of the population is poor, and a significant number does not have a regular income.
The "Island of Death", as El Frontón is also known, was used since Colonial times as penal colony, penitentiary for common criminals and as a feared political prison. After the well-known prison riot in 1986, which was terminated by the military in a very bloody manner, the prison was finally closed.
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