Write a comment
José Fernando de Abascal was the Viceroy of Peru during 1806-1816

José Fernando de Abascal (1743-1821)

Viceroy of Peru during 1806-1816

  • Militarian
  • Viceroy
Born
1743
Died
1821

Abascal was born into a noble family and was a Spanish military officer and colonial administrator in America. At the age of 19, he entered the army. After serving for 20 years, they promoted him to colonel, and later in the war against France, to brigadier. In 1796 he took part in the defense of Havana against the British.

Three years later he was named commanding general and intendant of Nueva Galicia (western Mexico). He took up that office in 1800. In 1804 he was named viceroy of Río de la Plata in Buenos Aires.

He governed Peru during a period when Spain’s authority and political control of its vast American colonial empire began to be seriously challenged for the first time. When Abascal became Viceroy in 1806, Lima symbolized the bulwark of Spanish colonial power in Latin America as it had for nearly three centuries.

José Fernando de Abascal was the Viceroy of Peru during 1806-1816
José Fernando de Abascal was the Viceroy of Peru during 1806-1816

Its bureaucracy was enormous and so committed to loyalty to the Spanish crown that Lima was called “little Madrid” throughout the Americas. In 1809, Abascal suppressed a revolution against Spanish authority sparked by rebels from Chile and Ecuador. The liberal Constitution of 1812 in Spain temporarily silenced the royalist cause in Peru. From 1812 to 1816, Peruvian patriots gained new members to their cause of political independence.

Abascal’s successor as Viceroy, Joaquin de Pezuela, inherited the staggering challenge of fighting General José de San Martín’s army of liberation, which landed in Pisco and fought its way northward to Lima.

Say something here...
characters left
or post as a guest
Loading comment... The comment will be refreshed after 00:00.

Be the first to comment.

Latest Video

National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History - Lima, Peru.mp4

National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History - Lima, Peru.mp4

Founded in April 1826, the National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru (MNAAHP) is Peru's oldest state museum. On display is a wide range of perfectly preserved pre-Hispanic ceramics, textiles, metals, organic materials and lithic's. Objects of historic-artistic value are exhibited. The documentary, photographic and bibliographic collections tell...
Submitted by: Tintin
02 July 2021

Long Reads...

  • Peru Info

    Peruvian Economy

    The Peruvian economy is an emerging, social market economy highly dependent on foreign trade and classified as an upper…
  • Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales

    The Jeweled Frog and the Condor

    By a quiet pond, at the side of a cloud-topped mountain in Peru, lived a small green frog and his large green family.…
  • Peruvian Archaeology

    History of Peruvian Archaeology

    The story of the origins and development of Peruvian archaeology begins with the earliest Spanish contact in 1524, and…
  • Peruvian Archaeology

    The colorful Fabrics and Textiles of Peru

    Europe’s first knowledge of Peruvian textiles was acquired following the Spanish invasion of Peru in 1532, when the…
  • Peruvian Personalities & Founders

    Francisco Pizarro González (1474-1541)

    Francisco Pizarro, a peasant from Spain, was one of the least well-equipped conquerors in history. However, in the name…