Historical Buildings

Lima, nowadays is a bustling, chaotic and quite noisy city, has a rich historical and architectural heritage. When Francisco Pizarro founded Lima in 1535 on an existing indigenous settlement, he had explicit orders by the Spanish crown on how to create and organize the city. They based the design and layout of Limas historical Center on the model of cities in Spain, especially Seville. The same applies for the first Colonial houses in Lima.

Initially, the first mansions were all built block (Spanish = Cuadra) by block around Plaza Mayor in a chessboard style and with specific rules as determined by Francisco Pizarro (exact length of one block = 400 feet / 122m and a precise width of the streets = 40 foot / 12.2m). During the Colonial times, the Spanish immigrants developed their own unique architectural style. The origins of this style were very similar to the typical Arabic-Moorish architecture in Spain. The settlers had to adapt to the local environment like earthquakes or the inferiority of building materials, and so soon a very characteristic architectural style developed.

Good examples of unique architectural factors are the famous balconies of Lima; most of them closed balconies with jalousies, of Moorish origin but with an absolutely distinctive Lima style and character. Lima known as the "City of Kings" and "City of Gardens" was soon famous for these extraordinary balconies and known as the "City of Balconies". Lima had so many balconies that nobody ever thought they would be some day something special. The principal reason for building closed balconies was that the first immigrants thought it would be inappropriate for their women to be seen from a window, an open balcony, or when going outside. Therefore, closed balconies like in North-Africa were built, allowing the high society ladies of Lima to see what was going on outside but without being seen.

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House of the Thirteen Coins

House of the Thirteen Coins

Historical Buildings
This single-story residence originally belonging to the López-Flores family dates back to the mid 18th century. Built in clear rococo style the excellent design fits perfectly to the architectural character of Lima in the 18th century. Still preserved are the original doors, windows and grills. Beautiful are the patio and the rooms with a classi...
Congress Palace of the Republic of Peru
The Congress Palace is bordered by two squares: the Plaza Bolivar in front and the Plaza Victoria in the back. When Peru became independent in 1821 there was no space for a legislative in Lima, because in Colonial times it wasn't needed. Therefore a decree from June 1822 determined the University of San Marcos with all its premises, back then lo...
House of General César Canevaro

House of General César Canevaro

Historical Buildings
The original house on this property was built by Captain Villegas (governor of Callao) in 1752. In 1818 the building was bought by the Lobatón Laos family. Its current design dates back to the middle of the 19th century, when General César Canevaro, a war hero of the Chilean War (1879 – 1883) rebuilt the house in a typical Republican style with ...
National School of Fine Arts

National School of Fine Arts

Historical Buildings
This beautiful preserved convent from 1603, used to be the "Centro de Estudios del Real Colegio Secular de los Agustinos de San Ildefonso" and the "Convent de las Monjas Recogidas" (the Convent of the "Quiet Nuns"). In September 1918 the "Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes" (School of the Beaux-Arts) was founded and after five months of restoratio...
House of the Money

House of the Money

Historical Buildings
In April 1561 Diego Lopez de Zuñiga asked the Spanish Crown for the authorization to establish a "currency house" in Lima to bring order to the various currencies issued in the country. The permission for unified silver coins was granted by Felipe II in August 1565. The production began almost immediately in the Government Palace and other place...
Justice Palace

Justice Palace

Historical Buildings
The Justice Palace is a building characteristic for Lima’s modernization and remodeling process at the beginning of the 20th century. Inspired by the Justice Palace in Brussels, though much smaller and lacking the dome, works for the neo classical structure started in 1929 and were finished in 1938. Strategically located at the "entrance" to Lim...
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Peru Hidden Treasure - Spanish version (Full)

Peru Hidden Treasure - Spanish version (Full)

This is the full documentary exploring the Peruvian natural wonders, landscapes, geography, culinary diversity and cultural heritage of previous civilizations (in Spanish language)
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20 May 2021

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