History of Peru

Before your eyes, the history of Peru reveals the long and painful process by which two great cultures challenged each other and finally produced a new cycle in the cultural evolution. Imperial Spain and the Incan empire have long since disappeared, but modern Peru (child of the two) today stands confidently on the threshold of the future.

72 results - showing 51 - 60
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The Crying Llama

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
The world almost ended long time ago. The seas rose, and the people of the earth were lost forever in the swirling waters - not all the people, fortunately, one man was saved. This is how it happened…

The Legend of Viracocha

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
Viracocha the great creator god in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology was the one that created the universe, sun, moon, stars, time and civilization itself. He also created mankind by breathing into stones, but his first creation were brainless giants that displeased him. So, he destroyed them with a flood and made new, better ones from smaller sto...

The Rod of Gold

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
The legend of the Rod of Gold is a beautiful story about the origins and the foundation of the city of Cusco that became the historic capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th until the 16th-century before the Spanish conquest. The story also mentions Manco Capac, who was the first governor and founder of the Inca civilization in Cusco. He is as ...

Mayta Capac

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
Mayta Capac was the fourth Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom). This legend gives us an insight about his youth and his fierce personality winning many battles fighting the enemies of the empire. He is known to have conquered territories as far as Lake Titicaca, Arequipa, and Potosí. In 1134 he put the regions of Arequipa and Moqu...

The Storm

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
Topa Inca Yupanqui or Túpac Inca Yupanqui was the tenth Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom) from 1471–93. He was appointed by his father Pachacuti to head the Inca army in 1463 and extended the realm northward along the Andes through modern Ecuador. This story in this legend shows how deeply the relationship was towards their gods...

The Vanishing Bride

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
Viracocha is the great creator god in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology. He was one of the most important gods and seen as the creator of all things, or the substance from which all things are created. In the legend of the Vanishing Bride he appeared before the Inca Huayna Capac who was the eleventh Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdo...

A Messenger in Black

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
Inca Huayna Capac was the eleventh Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom from 1493–1524). There are many theories about his death and the most common version is that he died from a fever likely resulting from the introduction of European disease like measles or smallpox. Legend has a different story for us, and surprisingly new ...

The Oracle at Huamachuco

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
The Inca Atahualpa mentioned in this legend was the last Inca Emperor. After defeating his brother, Atahualpa became briefly the last Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom) before the Spanish conquest ended his reign. The Spaniard Francisco Pizarro captured Atahualpa in November 1532, used him to control the Inca Empire and later exc...

The Llama Herder and the Daughter of the Sun

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
Along the slopes of the snow-capped peak called Sahuasiray, high above the valley of the Yucay River, there lived a native Indian of the Lare tribe, called Acoynapa, a handsome and most charming young man who tended the white llamas used by the Incas as sacrificial offerings to the Sun. As he followed his grazing herd, he would play softly and s...

Utca Paucar

Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales
These things happened a long time ago, how long no one knows. Some say the story goes back to the days of the Inca empire. Others believe it is even older. On the slopes of a great mountain stood the palace of an aged lord called Ahuapanti, ruler of a vast domain. Above the palace rose a mountain, crowned with snow; below ran the swift waters of...
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Maria Reiche - Memories

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Long Reads...

  • Peruvian Archaeology

    The Mystery of the Nazca Lines in Peru

    In the 1920s, when people first flew across southern Peru, they made an astonishing discovery. Stretching below them,…
  • Peruvian Personalities & Founders

    Francisco Pizarro González (1474-1541)

    Francisco Pizarro, a peasant from Spain, was one of the least well-equipped conquerors in history. However, in the name…
  • Peruvian Archaeology

    The colorful Fabrics and Textiles of Peru

    Europe’s first knowledge of Peruvian textiles was acquired following the Spanish invasion of Peru in 1532, when the…
  • Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales

    The Jeweled Frog and the Condor

    By a quiet pond, at the side of a cloud-topped mountain in Peru, lived a small green frog and his large green family.…
  • Peru Info

    Peruvian Economy

    The Peruvian economy is an emerging, social market economy highly dependent on foreign trade and classified as an upper…